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What are the Stages of Water Treatment?

Water treatment is among the most significant human efforts to conserve resources. It is necessary to treat water at a commercial and residential level to meet the planet’s growing population demands. Several stages are involved in treating water, from collection to disinfection to distribution. Here is a detailed explanation of these stages and their significance.

Water Treatment Stages


Water collection is the first stage of water treatment, and it involves collecting from rivers, lakes, and reservoirs. A complex channel is dedicated to transporting the water to the respectable treatment plant from the source.


Screening is the first step in the purification process. Its primary purpose is to remove large items of suspended material, including plants, trees, and animal debris.

Chemical Addition

The introduction of chemicals to the water sample is at this point. Specialists add these chemicals to facilitate the clumping together of small matter to form ‘floc‘.

Sedimentation and Clarification

The water passes through a sedimentation basin where it separates from the flocs formed. These flocs serve no purpose and are disposed accordingly of a pond.


Filtration is a crucial stage in the purification process, and different firms employ different filtering techniques. Orlando water testing companies separate large particle and chemical filtration while others combine the process.


The water is already free from most of the possible impurities. Disinfection eliminates bacteria, viruses, and other microorganisms by treating them with chlorine.

Storage and Distribution

The pure water is ready for public consumption but must be stored until demand rises. Authorities use underground and overground tanks to store treated water and distribute it accordingly. A distribution system handles the water delivery to business and residential structures that may require a water supply.

It is essential to consider water treatment for your commercial and residential activities. It proves effective in ensuring you have a steady clean water supply and protects your family and employees from infections spread through dirty water.